Biomass is the totality of substances constituting the bodies of all organisms - plants, bacteria, cyanobacteria and fungi as well as animals. We often use the term to describe plant biomass utilizable for energy-producing purposes. The biomass energy has its origin in sunshine and photosynthesis; it is therefore a renewable source of energy.
Dry straw is a by-product of agricultural activity. It is partially used as bedding in livestock production. But a great amount of it is destroyed just in the fields. The term "straw" serves to describe threshed dried stems and culms in wider meaning from all field crops and in narrower meaning only from cereals.
Hay is a different term; it is made of fodder plants (particularly from grass, but also e.g. from clover) that have been reaped and dried in the air.
The difference between hay and straw consists in the time of harvest (reaping) of the stand. With time is meant phenological time, not calendar time.
While hay is harvested (reaped) when the plant is young and has no seeds or only young ones, straw is harvested at the end of the vegetation phase. The culms are dead, with high contents of solid supporting substances, which becomes evident not only in the digestibility of nutrients and energy contents but also in the taste.
Dried straw contains high amount of energy. Both straw and hay can be used for direct combustion and production of heat for example in form of bales. Straw and hay constitute a high-value energy raw material.
Wooden chips are most frequently generated as waste during wood processing or by purposeful crushing of wooden parts. They rank among solid biomass serving to produce heat or compost. Wooden chips consist of fragmented piece wood with better storage, lower water contents and with lower amount of ashes after burning.
Their size oscillates between 2,5 to 5 cm. They are pressed into pellets or briquettes for better processability.
The shell of coconut has a thin surface layer that is firm and lined with a cohesive layer of coconut fibres on the inside, up to several centimeters thick. That natural source can be used for energy-producing purposes for example in form of pellets.
As for processed biofuels, we sell pellets of different types - wood, hay, straw, cereals. Our services include also bulk transport of biomass and biofuels. Biomass and fuel pellets are distributed only for the industry purposes.